Back Pain Risk Calculator

A short test to calculate your risk

The Keele STarT Back Screening Tool is used to profile individual risk of developing chronic low back pain. This tool was the innovation of Keele University.

Let's take the test

1Has your back pain spread down your leg(s) at some time in the last two weeks?

2Have you had pain in the shoulder or neck at some time in the last two weeks?

3Have you only walked short distances because of your back pain?

4In the last two weeks, have you dressed more slowly than usual because of back pain?

5Do you think it's not really safe for a person with a condition like yours to be physically active?

6Have worrying thoughts been going through your mind a lot of the time?

7Do you feel that your back pain is terrible and it's never going to get any better?

8In general have you stopped enjoying all the things you usually enjoy?

9Overall, how bothersome has your back pain been in the last two weeks?


Low Risk

Keele University, Arthritis Research UK and their affiliates designed the STarT Back Screening Tool (Tool) for use by health care providers. The Tool was designed to be used by clinicians to aid the clinical reasoning processes of a health care practitioner, including consideration of Red Flags.

Whilst any development of the STarT Back App (App) can be used by the general public, the Tool was not designed for use by the general public and the results should be interpreted in consultation with a health care practitioner.

Validity of the Tool has been established for paper versions of the questionnaire, not for the electronic versions in the App. Users are referred to the app bibliography for scientific papers relating to validity and utility of the Tool.

Keele University and Arthritis Research UK do not endorse or recommend any of the service providers or third parties who may support or develop the app or the Tool in any way.