24/01/2022 Gavin Routledge

5 Causes for Sharp Pain in the Lower Back

According to the National Institute of Health, almost 80% of people suffer from lower back discomfort at least once in their lives.

A sudden ache in your back might cause you to hold back on your daily tasks. The source of sudden sharp pain in your back is not usually clear, unlike the slow aching pain of sitting too long at a desk for work or the neck ache from traveling too much.

For many people, sharp lower back pain is a typical cause of suffering. It’s common to be concerned about it, especially when there’s no clear reason. In truth, there are a variety of physical and medical explanations for acute back pain that are both frequent and uncommon. Here’s what you need to know all about a sudden sharp pain in the lower back.

Causes of Sharp Pain in Lower Back

Muscle strains and sprains are the most often reported cause of lower back discomfort, according to the National Institutes of Health. Here are top 5 causes of sharp low back pain.

1. Muscle Strain

A strain occurs when a tendon or muscle fibres are strained or damaged, resulting in inflammation. So, when a low back muscle gets strained, the pain is sharp and starts at the lower back and goes to the buttocks and spreads down the back of one or both legs.

2. Spinal Fracture

Spinal fractures caused by compression fracture – develop when the vertebrae are compressed under the influence of an external force. Another factor associated with spinal fractures is osteoporosis when bone density is decreased.

The pain is frequently excruciating when you’re standing and is mostly accompanied by weakness or numbness in the lower extremities.

3. Sciatica

Sciatica, or sharp back pain, associated with numbness and burning sensation that travels down the buttocks and into one of the legs and to the foot, is a typical indication of a ruptured or herniated disk. A herniated disk, also known as a bulging disk or slipped disk, can cause excruciating sharp lower back pain.

It can be caused by lifting heavier objects incorrectly or engaging in excessively intense exercise.

4. Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is when the vertebrae themselves become infected. Sharp lower back pain is frequently accompanied by fever and other symptoms when an infection is present.

5. Muscle Spasm

A muscle spasm is a sustained tightening or stiffness of the back muscles’ traumatic injuries or repeated exertion. To protect the spine from additional damage, the back muscles contract and tighten. A spasm in the lower back can cause severe sharp back pain.

osteopathic treatment for back pain

At Active X Backs, we are members of the International Association for the Study of Pain and provide the best sciatica treatment at our clinic in Edinburgh. We also provide back pain and sciatica online consultations.

Click here to book an appointment today.